Development of digital economy in Belarus is in line with world trends, by Alexander Shumilin
2017 Return back
The development of the digital economy in Belarus is in line with the global trends. Alexander Shumilin, Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology of the Republic of Belarus, announced this today at a round table meeting "Digital Challenges in the New Economy". According to him, there is an infrastructure of the digital economy in Belarus, which includes the Park of High Technologies, the "Unified Scientific and Information Computer Network of the Republic of Belarus", the "National Automated Information System", and the "Belarusian Cloud Technologies". ‘The Head of our State has set an ambitious task, which is to become an IT-country in the near future. Appropriate changes have been prepared in the legislation for this purpose in order to make it the best in the world,’ Alexander Shumilin said. It should also be noted that Belarus was one of the first countries among the CIS member-states to legislatively approve the corresponding state program (the State Program for the Development of the Digital Economy and the Information Society for 2016-2020). Other CIS countries followed the same way.
The program includes the following subprograms, which contain system-forming events of a national scale in the field of information and communication technologies (“Information and Communication Infrastructure”, “Informatization Infrastructure” and “Digital Transformation”). It is necessary to single out the project “Creation of the Belarusian integrated Service-Accounting System” among the most important projects implemented within this program. The implementation of this system is scheduled for July 1, 2018.
This will enable to replace the internal passports of the Belarusians with ID-cards, which will become a full-fledged means of identifying citizens later, as well as the key-access of a person for various electronic administrative services.
The next project is “National Paperless Trading System” (NSBT). As a result of its implementation, a digital infrastructure for organizing electronic (paperless) interaction of all participants in foreign trade relations will be created in Belarus, starting with the production of goods and ending with their sale. According to expert estimates, the introduction of NPTS will reduce the cost of foreign economic transactions by half. At present, the technical task is prepared, and it is at the stage of coordination.
The project "National Portal of Open Data" should be also singled out. This is one of the components of the e-government, which will include data on the mode of operation of public institutions, the traffic schedules of all modes of transport and the information on housing and communal services. This portal is expected to be launched in Belarus in 2018.
The work on developing a technical task and a draft normative legal act regulating the work of this portal is underway.
‘The digital transformation affects the traditional sectors of our economy. In the future, they will receive a new content related to the complex influence of new and newly emerging technical solutions, technologies and materials. For example, the main area is the formation of the platform "Industry 4.0" in industry. It will enable to make dramatic improvements in the production processes, design and construction works, as well as in the management processes of the supply chains and the product life cycle management, to obtain a wide range of products in the required volumes, while maintaining the efficiency of mass production and the flexibility of the pilot production,’ Alexander Shumilin said.
The digital transformation is gradually capturing all new areas of business and life in general, transforming standard business processes, business models and entire markets. The most drastic changes are predicted to a banking sector. These transformations are already visible in the world. China tests the national crypto currency. A customer support in banks is transferred to an artificial intelligence. Mastercard payment system adds a payment functional to the passports, which will enable to use ID-cards for financial transactions. The Republic of Belarus is actively working in this area. The country is creating a legal, methodological and technological base for the digital transformation of the banking sector. Non-contact technologies and payment services based on modern innovative solutions are also developed.