“Innovative paradigm of Belarusian science”, article by A. Shumilin for "Director"
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“Innovative paradigm of Belarusian science”, article by A. Shumilin for "Director"
Last year was rich in research and development projects with great economic returns.
A number of objects was commissioned by 12 projects as part of the implementation of the State Program for Innovative Development (SPID). The reconstruction of an ampoule production at the OJSC “Borisov Medical Preparations” in accordance with international GMP standards is among them. Also, there was a launch of the output of two new drugs: glucosamine and citicoline.
A scientific and production complex (a cluster core) with a flexible automated production system was created at the “Adani” enterprise for the development, production and maintenance of a new medical equipment and a non-destructive testing equipment for Belarus. The project is based on the use of domestic technologies.
Car assembly production was organized in the CJSC “BelG”. Technologies of a contact welding with the use of the latest systems and the painting with modern eco-friendly water-based materials were introduced at the first small-site assembly plant in the country. A detailed monitoring of the body geometry is organized with the use of laser sensors and contact heads in the measurement and control laboratory of the welding shop.
The production of various integrated circuits was mastered as part of the SSTP "Microelectronics" in the JSC "Integral". The output was measured by millions of dollars in 2018.
According to the SSTP “Machine-Building and Machine-Building Technologies”, the most significant examples were mining dump trucks with a carrying capacity of 90 tons BelAZ-75581. The development volume of еру OJSC “BELAZ” exceeded 90 million rubles in 2018. ($ 43 million). More than 60 cars were manufactured. All products are shipped to South Africa, Russia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Vietnam.
In addition, the OJSC “Belkommunmash Holding Management Company” mastered the production of low-floor passenger electric buses, which are successfully used on urban routes.
The introduction of a ketoprofen-based anti-inflammatory drug for a symptomatic use on farm animals was completed (the Institute of Experimental Veterinary Medicine named after S.N. Vyshelessky of the NAS of Belarus as part of the SSTP “Agroindustrial Complex-Sustainable Development”). At the same time, over 120 thousand doses were produced, when the plan was 90 thousand ones.
The program "Technologies for the Protection of Greenhouse Crops from Diseases ( the RUE “Institute for Plant Protection”) also should be noted. During the period of its development, it was possible to save products worth more than 400 thousand rubles.
According to the State Program for the Development of the Pharmaceutical Industry for 2016–202, last year sales of innovative products by organizations of the holding company “Belfarmprom” exceeded 3.2 million rubles. In addition, 8 new drugs that have no domestic counterparts were created.
ON FINANCING THE AREA OF SCIENCE
The mechanisms of the financing of science and the improvement of them are one of the most important components of the state science and technology policy.
The financing of research and development is mainly carried out at the expense of extra-budgetary sources (58.2% of total costs) and budgetary funds (41.8%) in Belarus. The amount of them is increased due to innovative funds.
So, 64.1 million rubles were allocated from the national centralized and local innovation funds for these purposes in 2018 (in 2017 it was 42.9 million).
In 2017–2018 the current need for a budget financing of applied scientific research carried out within the state programs, state and industry scientific and technical programs is fully provided.
As a result, the “knowledge-based GDP” increased from 0.5% to GDP in 2015–2016 up to 0.59% in 2017. It is predicted that this figure will reach 0.6–0.62% by the end of last year.
In 2018, funds allocated for science from the national budget were utilized by almost 99% of the plan, and by the national centralized innovation fund - by 93.6%. The main reason for an incomplete development of the budget financing is the length of public procurement procedures and a poor marketing work on projects.
IN THE MIRROR OF INNOVATION
Every year, the SCST summarizes the results of the national contest of innovative projects. In 2018, most of them were sent for the expertise in the following areas: computer science, computerization and space research - 19, photonics, opto-, microelectronics, radio electronics and instrument engineering - 18; medical science and technology - 12; agricultural science and technology - 10.
Statistics show that traditionally the largest number of submitted projects relates to the field of the information technology.
However, it should be noted that there is an increased number of developments in the field of instrument-making and radio electronics.
Today, an increased attention is drawn to the projects at the intersection of sciences, when, for example, information technologies and new solutions in instrument engineering are used in medicine, agriculture and other fields.
We should mention Andrew Dyusmikeev among such developers. His Djinn multi-sensor won in the nomination “Best Innovative Project” (2018) and was awarded a certificate for commercialization in the amount of 14.2 thousand rubles.
The multisensor is an autonomous automatic station of an environmental control with numerical values of parameters that have a reference character. The device evaluates 8 key indicators for compliance with the requirements of SanPiN. The sensor is a component of the Internet of things and can subsequently be integrated with the engineering equipment of the systems of “smart home”, “smart workplace”, “smart building” and “smart city”.
In total, taking into account the above, as well as the important social significance of the projects, the winners and prize-winners of the competition in 2018, 8 projects were selected for further commercialization.
Last year, the international research and production pharmaceutical company NATIVITA established an additional nomination “Biotechnology and Genomics in Medicine and Pharmaceuticals” for the first time within the contest. The prize fund is 3 thousand dollars (in Belarusian rubles at the rate of the National Bank at the time of summing up the contest).
The winner is a development of an innovative library of antibodies for high-performance production of therapeutic and diagnostic antibodies (Dmitry Dormeshkin, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus). He also took the 2nd place in the nomination “The Best Youth Innovation Project” and received a cash certificate.
The project will enable biotechnology companies and research institutes to obtain antibodies to any targets, to reduce the cost of the production of them and to give an impetus to the development of a full-cycle biotechnological production and to create their own production of recombinant antibodies for diagnostic kits for medicine and veterinary medicine. The start of the production is planned for the 4th quarter of 2021. It also planned to come to a self-sufficiency in 1 year.
If we evaluate the results of the contest as a whole, then in 2010–2018 more than 1,100 projects were considered. 84 from them were winners, and 15 ones successfully mastered certificates for commercialization.
WHAT SLOWS DOWN THE PROCESS
The past year also revealed a number of problems in the implementation of various government programs. In particular, the deadline for the implementation of a number of innovative projects was allowed.
In this regard, the State Committee on Science and Technology organized a systematic work on the visiting and consideration of problematic issues in the regions, with the involvement of local authorities and interested organizations. In addition, to solve these issues, regional innovation infrastructure entities (technology parks and technology transfer centers) are also involved in the collection and the analysis of information, the development of solutions to problematic issues, and the provision of consultation and engineering services in the respective regions.
It should be noted that most of the projects are still based on technologies of the 3rd – 4th structures. In addition, another obstacle stands in the way of implementation: due to high account payables formed in previous periods, many domestic enterprises cannot attract borrowed funds from banks and do not have free own funds to implement projects.
In many cases, customers do not reach the planned indicators not only because of the lack of work of the organizations concerned, but also because of a lack of understanding of the methodological issues of the statistical accounting and the formation of innovative reporting at the places and the lack of industry-specific methods in this area that take into account the specifics of specific economic activities.
To improve the efficiency of the implementation of the SPID on a systematic basis, it is necessary to organize the work on the formation and presentation of innovative projects based on technologies of the 5th–6th structures to the SCST.
The well-coordinated work of all structures will enable to fulfill the 5-year task for the innovative development of Belarus. So, by 2020 it is planned to create more than 70 high-yield export-oriented industries and 10 thousand new high-performance jobs.
The export of high-tech science-based products in the total volume of Belarusian supplies will be 33%. The share of innovative products in the total volume of shipped goods will be 21.5%.