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Our intellectual property. “Sovietskaya Belorussia”, no. 13 (24396), January 23, 2014

Our intellectual property. “Sovietskaya Belorussia”, no. 13 (24396), January 23, 2014

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Our intellectual property. “Sovietskaya Belorussia”, no. 13 (24396), January 23, 2014

We have the 45th rating position in the world among 146 countries in accordance with the index of knowledge, that is, a capacity to generate, to perceive and to disseminate scientific information. We have gone up from the 73th position to the 50th one taking into account the evaluation of efficient use of knowledge for economic growth.

These positions are not prize-winning, but praiseworthy, being in the first half of the list. And according to the report of the World Intellectual Property Organization our country is on the 6th position in the world in accordance with the quantity of applications for inventions on 1 billion dollar of GDP, being inferior only to Korea, Japan, China, Germany and the USA!

But where is a technological explosion? 3D-printers, cars with hydrogen engines and robots playing football? With such a remarkable capacity to new ideas, the science linkage of gross domestic product is less than 1%, and it’s at the lower threshold by economic security. The mental sphere has never been spoiled by money, and now the cost of its development is three times lower than in many countries.

To activate the processes, of course, all sorts of extra-budgetary sources are involved, the Innovative Foundationhas been created, and wehave become the EEC venture company shareholders, reviving the old union communications. About 85 percent of domestic spending on science is focused on applied research and developments oriented to solution of priority tasks in order not to spray means. Every fourth company holds itself out as innovative. The volume of science-intensive and high-tech exports increased by 3 times in comparison with 2011 and reached 10.8 billion dollars, it’s a fifth of all exports. The country has achieved considerable success in the development of biotechnology.

The volume of biotechnology products has exceeded one billion dollars in the past year and a half. It is $ 87 per capita in 2012. For comparison, it’s 183 dollars in the EU countries, and 6.1 dollars in Russia.

Belarus is a leader in the development of methods to manipulate genes, to create new products, organisms, to change the properties of existing ones to more fully exploit the potential of living organisms.

In particular, the Institute of Microbiology of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Cytology, of the Russian Academy creates a collection and acryobankof categorized human and animal cell lines for the diagnosis and control of infections.

The technology for producing a multifunctional complex high-productive microbial fertilizerhas been developed in cooperation with the Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

We have groundwork for robotics, production of new materials and plant breeds.

The list goes on. But most importantly, it seems to me, now we need to decide: do we need the country Nobel laureates in principle?

If we need, it is necessary to change everything from learning in the first grade school education.

After all, the economy of the futureis a competition of knowledge.

And we have the last century equipment in the institutions of higher education, and there is only a task to increase salary of scientists the average level in the country, although it is, in theory, should already be above, and it’d be very well if were higher by times. “Unfortunately, mainly patriots go in science, as in the civil service. We cannot even pay by means of the budget to the scientists even as in Russia”, this is the way my question is answered by Alexander Shumilin, Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology. “Because the problem of commercialization of developments is not solved. A huge number of them are not in demand. Industry is not interested in the implementation. Enterprises simply have no money to pay the money spent on new items. This may be millions of dollars. The decree on the commercialization of science was adopted in August of last year. It provides a royalty payment to the technology owner during all the period of using of the know-how.

The national science,Alexander Shumilincontinues to argue, today is closer than ever to radical reforms. The question of the establishment of the Academic University for the training of graduate and doctoral students,the elite, is being discussed. It’s planned to allocate considerable funds for the material basis, scientific and technical centerof sharing. Students and professors of universities could come there to carry out any research on the advanced level.

The state is ready to help inventors with patents for the most promising and export developments abroad to stop the leak of ideas. A patent is worth thousands of dollars in Russia, for example, and in Europe and the United States its price starts from 5000 euros. But there must be a condition. Up to half of the proceeds from the sale of development should be returned to the state. We plan to create a unified system of state expertise of projects as an independent public body, to improve its quality, attracting Russian and foreign luminaries.

And generally speaking, we have too little time to think. Children are involved in the design of robots from elementary grades, creating something like our Soviet centers of technical creativity in schools of Japan, the U.S. and Israeli. Guys out there collect equipment, implement ideas and organize competitions.

Is not it time to remember the past which isn’t forgotten, and to revive it on a new level? It makes feel a bit uncomfortable thatgraduates get the lowest scores at the centralized testing in physics and mathematics in the country producing MAZ, BelAZ and launching satellites.