The article the Chairman of the SCST A. Shumilin in the bulletin “Science and Technology”, no. 1(50), 2014
Articles Просмотров: 746 Return back
The article the Chairman of the SCST A. Shumilin in the bulletin “Science and Technology”, no. 1(50), 2014
In the Address to the Belarusian people and the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus on April 19, the President of the Republic emphasized that “at the present stage the construction of the economy of knowledge and services must become our strategic goal” and “new scientific inventions and not crafty financial schemes will start up “the failing engine” of the world economy.
Development of the national economic model of the country and structural renovation and modernization of production and social areas are possible only on the basis of new scientific knowledge and rapid development of domestic science and its interaction with the real production and education, the attraction and assignment of talented young people in science.
In 2013, the State Committee on Science and Technology of the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter - SCST) worked to define the structure and the most important areas of research and development fora short term and a long-term (up to 2030), the search of conditions for the conversion of the Belarusian science into real productive force in order to successfully address contemporary issues of sustainable and innovative development of Belarusian society and enforcement of the Program ofsocioeconomic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2011-2015, the State Program of Innovative Development of the Republic of Belarus for 2011-2015, the National Strategy for sustainable socioeconomic development of the Republic of Belarus up to 2020, the National Security Concept of the Republic of Belarus and other fundamental documents.
The SCST prepared and implemented proposals aimed at enhancing the contribution of the Belarusian science to sustainable innovative development of the country, the creation of knowledge-intensive high-tech industries, achieving high competitiveness of the national economy, human capital development and welfare of the Belarusian people, based on the imperatives of science in the context of international economic integration and the formation of a single scientific technological space.
The State's scientific and technical expertise has been qualitatively upgraded.
The state scientific and state scientific-expertise will be improved by means of the creation and support of functioning of the state system of expertise in the areas of scientific, technical and innovative activity in order to ensure a highly state-level examination.
In particular, it’s provided:
- to improve technologies and expertise of the procedural issues, including to develop criteria for peer review, the requirements for the object of examination procedure, the order of the selection of experts, the procedures for appointment of independent experts, the decision-making by expert board, etc.;
-if necessary, to search and attract international experts (expert organizations) for the examination of the most significant national and international projects;
- to use actively modern information and communication technologies, resources of the state register of research and development works and other information resources which will favor enhancing the expertise quality and validity and reduction of labor costs for its organization and execution.
The efforts taken by the SCSTin 2013 generally allowed to achievethe planned performance of scientific innovation.
According to preliminary data of the SCST in 2013, these indicators are:
• the share of innovative shipped products in the volume of shipped products is 17.8 % (comparing with planned 18.0%);
• the share of innovation active organizations is 26.0% ( comparing with planned 26.0%);
• the percentage of science-intensive and high-tech products in the total volume of Belarusian export is 22.0% (volume exports is 9.6 billion USD, while the plan for 2013 is $ 4.8 billion USD).
However, in any country, the key indicator of the level of development of science and innovation is science intensity of gross domestic product, which exceeds the average value of 2.2%.
This indicator in Belarus for the period of 1992-2012has never reached the threshold level of 1% established by the programs of socio-economic development of the Republic of Belarus for 2006-2010 and for 2011-2015 and the National Security Concept of the Republic of Belarus.
This level of research intensity of GDP does not provide support for the development of scientific and technical potential, and eventually it will lead to its decline.
By the results of 2013 the research intensity of GDP will be about 0.67 %.
It’sconsidered to be necessary to increase the proportion of funds attracted from other sources, while maintaining a fairly stable level of public funding for science. These sources are innovation funds, funds obtained from revenue-generating activities of budgetary organizations, own funds of enterprises and bank loans. It will enable to achieve the required level of knowledge-intensity indicator for GDP.
In this regard, we consider it expedient to develop medium-term and long-term branch programs of achievement of the necessary level of research intensity in the industry providing forward-looking growth rates of volumes of funding at the expense of extra-budgetary resources and innovation funds (more than twice compared with the budgetary one).
Consequently, there will be a need in improving the normative legal base in the field of science, innovations and intellectual property rights protection in the future.
When developingnormative legal acts, big attention is paid to creating an effective legal mechanism of regulating innovation activity, in which legal instruments of the state stimulationand support of innovationactivities should occupy a key place.
In 2013 40 normative legal acts were adopted in the field of scientific, technological and innovation property, as well as in the field of protection of intellectual property, the main ones are:
• Presidential Decree no. 59 of February 4, 2013 “On commercialization of scientific and technological activity results created at the expense of publicfunds”;
• Presidential Decree no. 229of May 20, 2013 “On certain measures for stimulation of implementation of innovative project”;
• Presidential Decree no. 531 of December 2, 2013 “On Some Issues of Informatization”;
• Presidential Decree no. 590 of 31 December 2013 “On some issues of public procurement of goods (works and services)”;
• Law of Republic of Belarusno. 16-Z of January 5, 2013 “On Commercial Secrets”;
• Enactment of the Council of Ministers no. 1040 of December 4, 2013 “On amendments and additions to the list of high-tech products of Belarus”;
• Enactment of the Council of Ministers no. 1042 of December 5, 2013 “On approval of the list of innovative products of Belarus”;
• Enactment of the Council of Ministers no. 113 of February 18, 2013 “On approval of the concept of formation and development of the nanotechnology industry in the Republic of Belarus and the plan of measures for its implementation”;
• Enactment of the Council of Ministers no. 114 of February 18, 2013 “On amendments to the Regulations on the procedure of development and implementation of scientific and technical
• Enactment of the Council of Ministers no. 11 of January 8, 2013 “On certain issues of innovation and technological monitoring”;
• Enactment of the Council of Ministers no. 681 of August 2, 2013 “On approval of the procedure of keeping the state register of the scientific and technical activities results”;
• Enactment of the SCST no. 10 of July 24, 2013 “On approval of the Instruction for consideration of issues related to the commercialization of the results of scientific and technological activity created by public funds”
• Enactment of the SCST no. 21 of October 14, 2013 “On the establishment of forms of innovative vouchers”.
One of the main tools of innovative development is the implementation of the State Program of innovative development of the Republic of Belarus for 2011-2015 and research programs.
The implementation of 265 major projects oriented to creating new businesses and industries that determine the innovative development is planned for 2011-2015 within the State Program.
In 2013 237 major projects were implemented. As a result, the following stages were completed, such as “Commissioning” on 42 major projects (in terms of 49), “Reaching the project capacity” of productionsby 25 major projects (in terms of 31).
In 2014, it was scheduled the completion of the stage “Commissioning” on 92 projects, including 54 essential ones; the stage “Reaching the project capacity” on 75 projects, including 41 major ones.
This year, the most significant results areexpected from the following projects implemented by governmental bodies,bythe Ministry of Industry:
• creation of production of equipment of technological level up to 65 nm for industrial applications in microelectronic manufacturing of new generation ( UE “KBTEM-OMO”);
• organization of production facilities for nanodiagnostics used in the process of production of nanomaterials and microelectronics (JSC “Optoelectronic Systems”);
• organization of production of construction of rolled-section steel with light-section wire mill (JSC “Belarusian Metallurgical Plant, the managing company of the holding “Belarusian Metallurgical Company”);
• creation of specialized production of components for electronic control systems of management of
hydraulic drive mobile machines (JSC “Izmeritel”);
• generation of the serial production of artificial mechanical heart valves of new generation meeting the requirements of international standards (UE“Plant“Electronmash”);
the Ministry of Health :
• development and introduction of new technologies treatment of human diseases using stem cells in the medical practice (PI “Centre of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Immunology “, BelMAPO);
• organization and development of production of new blood components of the SI (“Centre of Transfusion Medicine and Medical Biotechnology”);
the Ministry of Education:
• the organization of production of fiber-optic endoscopes for industrial use (the state higher education institution “Belarusian-Russian University”);
he State Military Industrial Committee:
• creation of complex security system for citizens and transport vehicles on the basis of modern navigation and information technology ( UE “SKB Kamerton”).
the “Belneftehim” concern:
• construction of a chemical plant for deep processing of complex chlorinated mineral raw materials (JSC “Belaruskali”, SSPA “Chemical Products and Technology”);
the Minsk City Executive Committee:
• Development of a multifunctional laser device for cavity, endoscopic and purulent surgery and medical cosmetology, the LLC “LINLINE Medical Systems”;
the Mogilev Region Executive Committee:
• theconstruction of a plant for the production of detergents and household chemicals in the city of Osipovichi (“Perfume and cosmetic factory “Sontsa”).
In 2013, 23 scientific and technical programs (hereinafter SSTP) , 9 branch programs and 6 regional scientific and technical programs , scientific support sections of 20 state programs, as well as 28 plans of release (adoption) of products created for SSTP developments completed in 2007-2012.
The volume of output of newly introduced products in the first half-year of 2013 amounted to 863.9 million USD, which is 1.4 times higher compared to the same period in 2012.The exported goods were worth more than 113.3 million USD.
8 new productions were created and 50 existing productions were upgraded for the production of newly introduced products. A significant work on the issues of formation and use of innovation funds was carried out in 2013.
Estimates of costs of innovative funds in accordance with the areas of use for 2013 have been discussed and agreed for 24 republican state bodies and other state organizations subordinated to the Government and the NAS of Belarus.
A list of major innovative projects for funding from the national innovation funds has been formed.
The list of projects wasapproved by the decision of the Government.
The adjustment of the lists of high-tech products of Belarus, approved by the Decree of the Council of Ministers no. 574 of June 23, 2012.
This list was revised to reflect the trends of technological development of industries of Belarus, as well as goals and objectives for the creation of high-tech industries that can offer fundamentally new types of products. The Enactment of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus no. 1042 of December 5, 2013 approved a list of innovative products of the Republic of Belarus.
It includes 57 types of products that meet the criteria of the Regulations on the formation of the list of innovative products, approved by the Enactment of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus no. 995 of October 31, 2012.
Currently, the number of legal entities registered in the prescribed manner as the subjects of innovation infrastructure is 16 (13 science and technology parks and 3 technology transfer centers).
The status of technology transfer centers of theLLC “Vitebsk Business Center” and the RUE “Center for Scientific, Technical and Business Information” (Gomel) is prolonged by the decision of the board of SCST of September 20, 2013. The status of a subject of innovation infrastructure has been granted to the business incubator, the LLC “Apsel” (Lida) was grantedby the decision of December 23, 2013.
The total number of residents of industrial parks was 91 organizations (in 2012 it was 65). The total number of employees was 1003 people, 38 new workplaces were createdduring the reporting period.
The following indicators of industrial and economic activities were reached by the technology parks (in cooperation with residents) for the current period:
• 68 research and development works have been performed;
• 7 patents for inventions have been obtained, 2 applications for patents have been issued;
• thetotal volume of production is 13.1 billion rubles, including the new, high-tech and (or) innovation products, it’s5.6 billion rubles.
The issues of international scientific and technological cooperation remain key ones in the activities of the SCST.
Intergovernmental agreements in the field of scientific and technical cooperation with Indonesia, Laos and Mongolia have been signed.
There were 6 meetings of intergovernmental bilateral commissions forscientific and technological cooperation held, the 1stmeeting of the Working Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Republic of Belarus and the Guangdong province of China (PRC) and the 5th meeting of the Council of Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the Republic of Belarus and the province of Henan (PRC) organized. Scientific and technical projects with Serbia, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, India and Koreawere implemented. 12 scientific and technical programs of the Union State were implemented within the framework of the Union State. The concepts for 20 draft programs are developed. The implementation of scientific and technical programs “Trayektoria” and “Cosmos-NT” of the Union State was completed.
The main task at this stage is creation of an effective system ensuringthe transition from the transition from the stage of formation of a common scientific and technological space to its functioning. At the same time the highest priority should be given to the development of proposals for the formation of new scientific-technological and innovation programs and projects of the Union State of mutual state interest.
A list of 11 pilot projects of the Interstate program of innovation cooperation of theCIS member states for the period up to 2020 was approved by the decision of the Council of Heads of Governmentsof the CIS on May 31, 2013.
This decision provides the financing of these projects from the budgets of the participating countries.
The SCST acted as a collective organizer of scientific expositions of the Republic of Belarus within 12 international exhibitions during the reporting period.
The work on the optimization of the structure and volume of training of scientific personnel of higher qualification was continued in 2013.
The scheduled figures for receiving post-graduate education at the expense of the national budget for 2013(1162 people for the post-graduate course, and 83 persons for the institution of doctoral candidacy), and projected enrollments for postgraduate education at the expense of the state budget for 2014 (in total 1087 people and 46 people for the institution of doctoral candidacy) were formed and set on the basis of proposals of the SCST.
In order to receive the postgraduate education of the first stage at the expense of the state budget, it was planned to enroll respectively 16.8 and 17.8% of the total number of enrollment in the areas which are necessary for development of hi-tech industries of the 5th and the 6th economic modes in 2013 and 2014.
The planned quantity of enrollment of doctoral candidates of high-tech specialties, as compared with the indicators of 2012-2013 (5 and 4 people respectively), greatly increased in 2013 and 2014: 19.3 % (16 pers.) and 21.7 % (10 pers.) respectively of the total number of general enrollment in the Republic.
However, despite the fact
that about 100 persons per year (96 persons in 2012) are enrolled in the postgraduate course with the purpose of training specialists for foreign organizations at the expense of the national budgetin recent years, the proportion of people prepared for the real economy, changes little.
In 2013 it was planned at the level of 17.0% of the total enrollment number for the purpose of training specialists for third-party organizations, branchministries, regional executive committees and the Minsk City Executive Committee, as well as branch and regional organizations received a limited number of applications. Thus, just the State Military Industrial Committee (3 pers.) and the concern “Belneftekhim” (7 pers.) of the industrial economy sector told about their need for the training of scientific personnel of higher qualification in 2014.
The training in 29 specialties, including by 7 priority specialties necessary for the development of high-tech industries, related to the 5thand 6theconomic structures: in the Polessky State University, the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radio Electronics, the Gomel State Medical University and the Institute of Physical Organic Chemistry of the NAS of Belarusin 16 institutions of postgraduate education was opened in 2013.
Within the Memorandum of Understanding between the SCST and the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation on cooperation in the field of postgraduate education was formed a recruitment plan for 2013, which included 15 candidates recommended by the ministries of education and health, as well as concern “Belneftekhim”.
The following key areas of improvement of the Belarusian science and the system of management were adopted in 2014:
• development and adoption of conceptual software solutions, providing further development of intellectual capacity of the Belarusian nation, mechanisms of integration of science, production and education for enhancing the competitiveness and efficiency of the economy in terms of building a national innovation system and the formation of the transition to an economy based on knowledge;
• gradual modernization of the organizational structure of science and its management providing for improvements in governance research area in accordance with the scheme shown in the figure;
• development of the concept of the State Program of Innovative Development of Belarus for 2016-2020 stipulating the following strategic objectives of innovation development of Belarus:
1) the advance development of productions at the intersection of traditional and high-tech
sectors of the industry in close cooperation with scientific organizations;
2) the large-scale introduction of domestic high-intensive technologies and the development of production with elements of nanomaterials;
3) the development of nuclear energy, renewable and alternative energy sources, bio-industry and aerospace industry;
• formation of a unified state system of expertise of scientific and technical projects by combining similar projects in areas of scientific and technical expert boards operating at the NAS and functioning under the appropriate government expert boardsunder the SCST;
• the strengthening the economic component of the examination with the obligatory inclusion of expert boards of experts in economics for a deeper appreciation of the economic efficiency of the project and its commercial viability at the stage of the beginning of its consideration;
• the empowerment of the Belarusian Innovation Fund credentials in the international structures and innovative venture financing;
• further development of the field of intellectual property, providing comprehensive integration of the national intellectual property system in the socio-economic policy of the State;
• the preparation of a draft Presidential Decree “On priority directions of scientific and technological activities in the Republic of Belarus”;
• the organization of competitive selection of innovative projects eligible for state financial support on an irrevocable basis through the Belarusian Innovative Foundation (vouchers and grants);
• ensuring participation of the Belarusian Innovative Foundation in the creation of international venture organizations.