12/27/17 4:00 PM / Views：492
Glove-simulator will be clinically tested in Gomel
From victory to business, this could be the unofficial motto of the National Contest of Innovation Projects, which is traditionally held by the State Committee on Science and Technology already for the eighth time. The focus here are works that have already announced themselves in other contests and matured before the implementation. It is not surprising that there are many heroes of publications of SB among the names of winners and prize-winners. For example, the first place in the youth nomination was taken by Maxim Kiryanov, the third year student of the Gomel machine-building college with his development, a glove simulator for the rehabilitation after a stroke (there are 9 references to publications about him on the website www.sb.by only for the last year!). This time, in addition to honorary diplomas, Maxim received a grant from the SCST for the commercialization of the project.
Fresh news: Pilot clinical trials of a glove simulator in the Gomel Regional Clinical Hospital for the Disabled of the Great Patriotic War will begin in the near future. Maxim is making plans:
‘5 full-fledged devices have already been manufactured. The production is completely manual. I expect to spend the grant on purchasing a 3D printer and other equipment that is necessary for the work.’
The cost of the glove, which will help restore the motor skills of the fingers after a stroke and injuries, is only 25 dollars. Unlike other rehabilitation devices, this simulator is simple and compact.
This year the authors with medical themes showed themselves at the contest especially brightly. For example, the winner of the main nomination was Viktoria Lavrinenko, an employee of the Children's Oncology, Hematology and Immunology Research Center of the Republic of Belarus. She presented a test system that helps doctors to detect the risk of complications in bone marrow transplantation in time:
‘Our test system is designed to determine chimerism. This state occurs after the transplantation of the donor cells to the recipient, which is a sick child. We need to understand, if the transplant has taken root or not. At the same time, we can monitor whether there is a risk of relapse of leukemia, that is, the return of the underlying disease after transplantation. Annually, we have about 30 allogeneic transplants. First, the monitoring of chimerism is carried out every two weeks, and then less often.
The peculiarity of our test system against the background of foreign analogues is its high sensitivity, due to which possible negative developments can be predicted as early as possible. The analogues enable you to see a future relapse in two weeks. Our method is for a month and a half.’
So, the doctor has much more time to change the treatment, prevent rejection or relapse and save life. The development is already being applied in practice. It is expected to introduce it into adult clinics, for example, in the 9th hospital in Minsk, where they also are engaged in marrow transplantation.
The work on the manufacture of implants for the plastic surgery of skull defects, which won the second place in the youth contest, have already helped many patients. Evgeny Gabrinovsky, neurosurgeon physician at the Minsk Clinical Emergency Hospital, its author, received evidence that the advantages of his method in practice more than once:
‘Earlier defects of the skull were closed with either a titanium plate or a protactil polymer after the trepanation or injuries. They were modeled manually, with many difficulties. Our idea is as follows. First, a prototype is created from a plastic on a 3D printer based on computed tomography, a model based on which cranioimplant is made from protakril. About 45 operations have already been done successfully with the use of implants. The patients are discharged in a satisfactory condition.’
Each year our patients need more than 300 such implants. Well, the cost of one such product is more than a thousand dollars in Poland. The Belarusian development is about 10 times cheaper and at the same time anatomically accurate, because it takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient. The medical staff from Turkmenistan, Georgia, Iran and other countries, who study at the Department of Nervous and Neurosurgical Diseases located in the Emergency Hospital, is already interested in the novelty.
It is significant that the high level of projects in the field of medicine did not go unnoticed also by the profile ministry. Vasily Filonyuk, the head of the department of science of the Ministry of Health, admitting that the turnover and state registration of medical products in Belarus is quite complex and costly, promised that the ministry guarantees the winners of the 2017 contest every possible support in the state registration of the results of their labor.
There are familiar faces among the winners who represented other areas. Alexei Yantsevich from the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences with his Autogene system for the synthesis of artificial genes, and Grigory Prokopovich, a representative of the Joint Institute for Informatics Problems with a pocket robot PocketBot, and Andrey Glushakov, an employee of the Physical-Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences, with a new steel for automotive tractor parts, which has already been shown at various exhibitions, are there. So, we have a whole system of support for innovators, in which the best ideas systematically progress into practice.
Alexander Shumilin, Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology:
‘The traditional criteria by which winners are chosen are a possibility of commercialization and a scientific novelty. We have presented projects not at the level of the idea, but with developed business plans ready for implementation in the production, which can be implemented and bring revenue to the country.
This year, compared with the past, we have doubled the number of grants allocated for commercialization. 8 projects received them. Also, yesterday we decided to create two new technological parks in Belarus. One of them will be on the basis of the Agricultural Academy in Gorki. It will be the first in the agrarian sector. And one will be on the basis of the Vitebsk business incubator. We have been developing an innovative infrastructure. We support the participants of the contest, we select the best ones. The winning projects receive a state expertise and grants. They can be commercialized, an experienced product can be created, one can go to technological parks, if necessary, obtain additional resources and create its own business.
By the Way
The organizers of the competition track the fate of the winners of previous years. Alexander Shumilin states: none of the supported projects has disappeared or lost. This shows that the contest is a step that enables you to move into a serious business. For example, the winner of the last year, the author of the project "Science for Children" is at the intersection of science, education and IT. This year he became the winner of the project "My Business" and received a considerable financial support.
The project is being implemented in a number of gymnasiums and schools, in particular, in Gomel. The project "Turbosphere", for the utilization of excess gas pressure, has grown to the production organized in BNTU today. One of these turbines has already been operating at the Belarusian enterprise. They will also be supplied to Kazakhstan. Beltransgas is also interested in the development. An IT project is also being developed to optimize the work in sports. The software product has been used for a year by the Ivatsevichi football team. If it did not surpass the second league before, now it is in the middle of the first. This fact was brought by Alexander Shumilin. Other teams show an interest in this development.
Time to Sum up
The main achievements of the Year of Science are named. A great news was the presentation of the Belarusian electric vehicle and, in general, the development of the topic of electric transport, from a bicycle with an electric drive to an electric bus. A special place is occupied by the development of a personal supercomputer, which is 2.5 times more powerful than the SKIF supercomputer, and it can implement up to 20 trillion operations per second. An important point is the creation of a national system for the identification, marking and tracking of goods and vehicles, which enables to avoid a falsification. Listing other significant works, Vladimir Gusakov, Chairman of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences, mentioned the developments of scientists in the field of laser technologies, new materials, DNA-certification of a person, bringing us closer to personalized medicine, creating new drugs, and also starting the work on a new space remote sensing satellite and the discovery of world significance: the most ancient settlements of the Slavs were found in Zhitkovichi, the Gomel region.
The Tenth Season in Antarctica Is Open
The research ship "Akademik Fedorov" reached the coast of Antarctica. The participants of the Belarusian Antarctic Expedition (BAE) spent three days in emergency mode unloading. They delivered the next constructions of the Belarussian Antarctic station and everything necessary to work without loss to the site of the Vechernyaya mountain base. Aviation flights were interrupted only when the wind speed increased over 25 meters per second.
In the near future, the polar explorers will not only continue to build the Belarusian house on the ice continent, but they will also start a scientific work, which is to research the state of the ozonosphere, ultraviolet radiation, climate and other natural parameters of the Antarctic and to study biological resources, as well as to hold the tests of the instruments, such as radiometers, magnetometers and lidars, including ones of the domestic development.
The source : SB